The report, in continuation with the Trans Murder Monitoring (TMM) project, pertains to the TMM data, collected since 2008, and focuses on trans and gender-diverse sex workers, broadly highlighting current trends contributing to the marginalization and exclusion of trans and sex worker communities, such as the criminalization of migration and sex work, the use of punitive approaches to tackling poverty, homelessness, and drug use, increasingly precarious living and working conditions, and growing racial, gender, and economic disparities all over the world.
The HRW report titled ‘“Have You Considered Your Parents’ Happiness?”: Conversion Therapy Against LGBT People in China’ highlights the prevalent practices of public hospitals and private clinics offering “conversion therapy,” which aims to change an individual’s sexual orientation from homosexual or bisexual to heterosexual, based on the false assumption that homosexuality is a medical or mental disorder that needs to be remedied. The report documents multiple abusive aspects of conversion therapy, including coercion and threats, physical abduction, arbitrary confinement, forced medication and injection, and use of electroshocks. The report expresses concern about the lack of laws protecting individuals with non-confirming sexual orientation or with non-binary gender identities.
In its report titled ‘Adolescents in Bangladesh: A Situation Analysis of Programmatic Approaches to Sexual and Reproductive Health Education and Services,’ the Population Council presents a comprehensive review of the status of sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in Bangladesh. The report concludes that stigmatisation of sexual and reproductive issues has a significant impact on their overall health and well-being, as adolescents in Bangladesh often enter their reproductive years poorly informed about SRH issues, without adequate access to SRH-related information or services. The report recommends the adoption of multi-faceted and age-appropriate programmes to enhance access to information and services, and also calls for more comprehensive evidence collection on the effectiveness of community interventions.
In a first of its kind report, ‘Matters of Judgment’ maps understandings of the rarest of the rare doctrine among 60 former judges, to get insights into the manner in which judicial discretion is exercised. The study analyses the reasons for the retention and abolition of death penalty, and maps the juridical discourse on death penalty. The study concludes that the sentencing structure in India falls short of fair trial requirements that have been established in other retentionist jurisdictions. The study calls for further scrutiny of sentencing practices.
The brief summarizes findings from respective undertaken by the World Bank and Save the Children on the lack of legal protection against child marriage for girls. The analysis suggests that many countries not only fail to provide effective legal protection against marriage, but also that legal reforms are not sufficient to end the practice. The brief calls for additional interventions to prevent the same, such as expanding access to education and other opportunities.
The 4th public report by Prajnya, titled “Gender Violence in India,” takes stock of various different forms of violence against women in India using NCRB data, government reports, case laws, academic and scholarly research and other resources, to highlight the need for more systematic monitoring and data collection related to crimes against women. The report is intended to be read as a ready reckoner and a beginner’s handbook.
Human Rights Watch, with the assistance of Jan Sahas, has published a report on the barriers to justice and support services for sexual assault survivors in India. The HRW report brings out valuable findings, complimenting other reports on rape of Dalit girls in Haryana, or of tribal girls in Chhattisgarh by the WSS (Women Against Sexual Violence and State Repression). Among other findings, the report highlights the high levels of impunity enjoyed by perpetrators, resulting in routinised sexual violence against girls and women. The experiences of women disadvantaged by gender, caste, minority or migrant status in social relations and in law – are vastly different from those of urban upper class women.
The Ministry of Education released a guide to ensure the safety and wellbeing of students and to promote an education program inclusive of those who identify as sex, gender, or sexuality diverse (SGSD). The guide contains four main strategies: “understanding sex, gender, and sexuality diversity”, “creating inclusive school-wide systems and processes”, “addressing immediate environmental, physical and social needs”, and “developing an inclusive classroom and curriculum”. The curriculum program was created after consulting with several civil society organizations.
Access guide here.
Musawah released a paper titled ‘Islam and the Question of Gender Equality’ which focuses on gender justice within the philosophy of law in Islam. It highlights how the earlier notions of justice within Qur’an did not include the idea of equality between men and women, nor did it exist in the Muslim social, economic and historical thought. However, changes at local, national and global levels and contemporary interpretations of Islamic sacred texts, based on ethics and values, allow for gender equality in laws, policies and practices today. The paper expands up on gender equality, broad approaches to gender justice and key aspects of gender equity in contemporary Muslim family laws and gender norms.
Access paper here.
The International Centre for Research on Women has released a report on addressing intimate partner violence (IPV) in South Asia. The review seeks to identify past or current IPV interventions in South Asia implemented at a systemic level using the public health system, local governance systems, or women’s collectives, to gather, synthesize and analyze existing evidence from these programs to identify key implementation challenges and understand how to design more responsive programs, especially in India.
Access report here.