India ratifies key ILO conventions to end child labour

India has ratified two key conventions on child labour at the International Labour Conference in Geneva, a step towards complete prohibition of child labour. This has been done months after amendment to the Child Labour Act and includes Convention 138, which sets minimum age for admission to employment and Convention 182, which penalises and prohibits the worst form of child labour. National Sample Survey Office’s survey of 2009-10 puts the number of child workers at 4.98 million. With ratification of these two ILO conventions, India has ratified six out of eight core ILO conventions, with the other four core International Labour Conference conventions relating to abolition of forced labour, equal remuneration and no discrimination between men and women in employment and occupation, thus reaffirming its commitment for promoting and realising fundamental principles and right at work.